Radiation therapy is one of the basic methods of treating patients with malignant neoplasms. It has also proven useful in the therapy of non-oncological diseases. Radiation therapy relies on ionising radiation that damages neoplastic cells.

Radiation therapy may be a stage in radical treatment, namely, one that gives a promise to cure the patient, or an element of palliative (symptomatic) treatment, that is, one that seeks to prolong patient’s survival and alleviates disease-related ailments, mainly pain. In radical treatment, radiation therapy is used as a standalone therapeutic method or an element of a multiple-staged process in conjunction with surgical and/or systemic treatment (chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy).

It is the Medical Case Conference, comprising physicians such as surgeons, pathologists, clinical oncologists and radiation therapists and, if the clinical condition so requires, specialists in other medical disciplines, that take the decision concerning therapy, methods and its respective stages.

In some clinical scenarios (neuromas, trigeminal neuralgia, meningiomas, arterial-venous malformations, metastases to the brain, lungs, liver, pancreas, bones) the so-called stereotactic radiation therapy and radiosurgery are of use, performed in compliance with technically advanced radiation therapy and planning systems.

Radiation therapy is used in all NU-MED Group centers, namely, in Katowice, Zamość, Elbląg and Tomaszów Mazowiecki.

Further details on radiation therapy are available in our article “What is radiation therapy” lub “Stereotactic radiosurgery”.